MATERNITY BENEFIT / MATERNITY LEAVE
- At the earliest, the maternity leave can commence 70 calendar days before the estimated date of delivery (at pregnancy week 30). A gynaecologist, family physician, or midwife must issue a maternity leave certificate. The certificate is the basis for calculating the maternity benefit, paid for up to 140 calendar days immediately before and after childbirth.
To receive the maximum amount of maternal benefit (for 140 days), the maternal leave must begin 30 calendar days before the delivery date, at the latest. When you start the maternal leave later, the benefit is decreased by the number of days that you delayed the leave by.
- Maternity benefit is a benefit for temporary incapacity to work paid by the Health Insurance Fund. More information about it is available on the Health Insurance Fund website.
If a child is expected or has already been born to the family, the father is entitled to 10 working days of paternal leave during two months prior to the expected delivery date until the child turns two months old.
Read more about the paternal leave and the application process at: http://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/vacation-pay-and-average-salary-compensation-employers-connection-raising-children#Paternal%20leave.
REGISTERING THE CHILD
The new child must be registered at the local government before the child turns one month old. With good reason, the registration period can be extended to two months.
When the child was born at a hospital and the parents are married to each other, the birth can also be registered at the state portal eesti.ee. In any other cases, the childbirth registration application must be filed to the local government.
More detailed information about the child registration is available in the state portal section: Registration of birth and choosing a name.
CHILDBIRTH ALLOWANCE BY THE LOCAL AUTHORITY
Local governments pay childbirth allowances to newborns – either as one payment, or in several instalments. Usually, a prerequisite applies – at least one parent must have officially lived in the same municipality for at least 6 months to a year before the child is born.The allowance payment conditions and the allowance amount differ per municipalities. Contact your local municipality for further details.
NATIONAL CHILDBIRTH ALLOWANCE
- Childbirth allowance is a one-time allowance paid for each child. Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/kinds-family-allowances#Childbirth%20allowance.
Apply at the state portal: www.eesti.ee/en/pensions-and-allowances/benefits-and-allowances/childbirth-allowance/
Child allowance is paid for each child, from birth until the child is 16. If the child continues their studies, the payments will also continue after the child turns 16. Read on here: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/kinds-family-allowances#Child%20allowance.
Apply at the state portal www.eesti.ee/en/pensions-and-allowances/benefits-and-allowances/family-and-childrens-allowances.
CHILD CARE ALLOWANCE
The child care allowance is paid to one parent in a family with one child younger than three, or multiple children between the ages of 3 and 8. Read more here: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/kinds-family-allowances#Child%20care%20allowance
Apply at the state portal: www.eesti.ee/en/pensions-and-allowances/benefits-and-allowances/family-and-childrens-allowances/
- The parental benefit is paid to guarantee your previous income, as it decreases due to raising children. Before the child is 70 days old, only the mother is entitled to the parental benefit. After the child is 70 days old, any of the parents can apply for the parental benefit – meaning that also the father may apply. The parental benefit is paid for a period of 435 days, or until the child is one and a half years old.
Continue reading: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/kinds-family-allowances#Parental%20Benefit
Apply at the state portal: www.eesti.ee/en/pensions-and-allowances/benefits-and-allowances/parental-benefit
- Together with the family allowances, we shall pay compensation for the parental benefit and maternity benefit gap, should your older child be under two years and six months of age, and the maternity benefit for one day is smaller than the parental benefit for one day. Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/kinds-family-allowances#The%20compensation%20for%20the%20parental%20benefit%20and%20maternity%20benefit%20gap.
ALLOWANCE FOR MULTIPLE BIRTH OF THREE OR MORE CHILDREN
- One parent, custodian, or guardian of a family raising triplets or more multiple siblings are entitled to this allowance starting from 1 March 2018. The 1000-euro allowance per month is paid to the family until the children reach the age of 18 months.
This allowance is paid automatically and you do not have to file a separate application for it.
Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/family-and-child-protection/kinds-family-allowances#multiple
ALLOWANCE FOR A FAMILY WITH MANY CHILDREN
- If your family has at least three children for whom you are paid child allowance, your family will also receive the allowance for a family with many children. The allowance is bigger for families with seven or more children. You do not have to file a separate application for this allowance.
Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/family-and-child-protection/kinds-family-allowances#Allowance%20for%20a%20family%20with%20many%20children
SUPPLEMENTARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE MANDATORY FUNDED PENSION
If you live in Estonia, your family has a child younger than 3, and you have chosen the II pension pillar, we shall pay a supplementary 4% of the average monthly Estonian income taxed with the social tax into your mandatory funded pension account. Read more: www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/supplementary-contributions-mandatory-funded-pension-and-health-insurance.
Apply at the state portal: www.eesti.ee/en/pensions-and-allowances/benefits-and-allowances/parental-benefit/
SINGLE PARENT CHILD ALLOWANCE
- The single parent child allowance is paid if your child’s birth registration does not contain any data about the child’s father, or if the other parent has officially been declared a fugitive. Read more https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/family-and-child-protection/kinds-family-allowances#Single%20parent%20child%20allowance.
Maintenance allowance is meant for children, whose parent or parents do not fulfil their maintenance obligation. Maintenance allowance can be applied for both during the legal proceedings as well as the execution proceedings.
Maintenance allowance during the legal proceedings. Read more: http://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/maintenance-allowance#Maintenance%20allowance%20during%20the%20legal%20proceedings
Apply for https://www.eesti.ee/eng/services/citizen/perekond_1/elatisabi_taotlemine.
Maintenance allowance during the execution proceedings. Read more: http://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/maintenance-allowance#Maintenance%20allowance%20during%20the%20execution%20proceedings
Apply for https://www.eesti.ee/eng/services/citizen/perekond_1/elatisabi_taotlemine
- If a parent of the child has died, we pay the child a survivor's pension.
Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/pension-types-pensions-and-benefits#Survivor%E2%80%99s%20Pension
The Health Insurance Fund pays childbirth compensation to an insured person upon the adoption of a child under the age of 10 years. Read more: https://www.haigekassa.ee/en/node/7/adoption-benefit
When you adopt a child, you are also entitled to a one-time adoption allowance.
Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/kinds-family-allowances#Adoption%20allowance
You are entitled to the guardianship allowance if you raise a child whose parents do not fulfil their obligation to raise a child and whom the court has appointed under your guardianship. Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/kinds-family-allowances#Guardianship%C2%A0allowance
Conscript’s child allowance
You are entitled to the conscript’s child allowance if you yourself, or the child’s other parent, is serving in the Estonian Defence Forces, or in alternative non-combatant service. Read on: http://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/kinds-family-allowances#Conscript%E2%80%99s%20child%20allowance
- If you live in Estonia, but your family member lives or works in the European Economic Area or in the Swiss Confederation (EEA), European Union coordination rules apply for family benefits. Read more (in Estonian): www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/et/rahvusvaheline-pere.
DIFFERENT FAMILY SITUATIONS
Disabled child support / rehabilitation of a disabled child
- If your child has been diagnosed with a disability, we shall pay a monthly social benefit to you. If your child does not cope as well as required for their age, you can apply for a social rehabilitation service for your child. Read more about diagnosing the disability (in Estonian) www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/et/puude-tuvastamine… and the social rehabilitation services for children ….
- If your child has been diagnosed with a disability, you can use the child leave for parents of a disabled child, which is one workday per month. File an application for your employer to use this day. Read more …
- If you have been diagnosed with a disability and you raise the child alone, or if both you and your spouse have a disability and you raise children, you are entitled to the disabled parent’s allowance. Read more (in Estonian): www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/et/puude-tuvastamine.
Child’s parents are separated
- If the parents separate but continue to equally participate in raising the child, they must come to an agreement as to who is the recipient of family allowances for the child. Read on: http://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/applicant-family-allowances#Child%E2%80%99s%20parents%20are%20separated.
The blended family with children of several parents
- Either you or your partner / spouse is entitled to receive family benefits for all children if your family raises, in addition to your mutual children, also children of your partner or spouse from their previous partnership. Read more: http://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/applicant-family-allowances#The%20blended%20family%20with%20children%20of%20several%20parents.
Parents can use several additional vacation options:
- If a child is expected or has already been born to the family, the father is entitled to 10 working days of paternal leave. Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/vacation-pay-and-average-salary-compensation-employers-connection-raising-children#Paternal%20leave
- All parents of children under the age of 14 can use child leave. Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/vacation-pay-and-average-salary-compensation-employers-connection-raising-children#Child%20leave
CHILD LEAVE FOR PARENTS OF A DISABLED CHILD
- If your child has been diagnosed with a disability, you can use the child leave for parents of a disabled child. Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/vacation-pay-and-average-salary-compensation-employers-connection-raising-children#Child%20leave%20for%20parents%20of%20a%20disabled%20child
COMPENSATION FOR BREASTFEEDING BREAKS
- If the mother returns to work before the child turns 18 months old, but wishes to continue breastfeeding, the mother is entitled to breastfeeding breaks. Read more: https://www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/en/vacation-pay-and-average-salary-compensation-employers-connection-raising-children#Compensation%20for%20retaining%20the%20average%20salary%20during%20the%20breastfeeding%20breaks
CARE LEAVE AND UNPAID CHILD LEAVE
- Care leave is for nursing a child until the age of 12, or a disabled child until the age of 19, and for 14 continuous days. If the illness is caused by a malignant tumour and the child’s treatment starts at a hospital, the care leave is issued for up to 60 consecutive days.
The Health Insurance Fund pays a care allowance for the care leave duration.
Read on: https://www.haigekassa.ee/en/node/7/care-allowance
- Mother or father raising a child under the age of 14, or a disabled child under the age of 18, can use up to 10 unpaid days of child leave per each year. Read more in the Employment Contracts Act.