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A brief overview of family benefits

 

WHILE EXPECTING

 

MATERNITY BENEFIT / MATERNITY LEAVE  

  • At the earliest, the maternity leave can commence 70 calendar days before the estimated date of delivery (at pregnancy week 30). A gynaecologist, family physician, or midwife must issue a maternity leave certificate. The certificate is the basis for calculating the maternity benefit, paid for up to 140 calendar days immediately before and after childbirth.
    To receive the maximum amount of maternal benefit (for 140 days), the maternal leave must begin 30 calendar days before the delivery date, at the latest. When you start the maternal leave later, the benefit is decreased by the number of days that you delayed the leave by.
  • Maternity benefit is a benefit for temporary incapacity to work paid by the Health Insurance Fund. More information about it is available on the Health Insurance Fund website.
     

PATERNAL LEAVE 

Additional information

 

AFTER THE CHILDBIRTH

REGISTERING THE CHILD

  • The new child must be registered at the local government before the child turns one month old. With good reason, the registration period can be extended to two months.

    When the child was born at a hospital and the parents are married to each other, the birth can also be registered at the state portal eesti.ee. In any other cases, the childbirth registration application must be filed to the local government.

    More detailed information about the child registration is available in the state portal section: Registration of birth and choosing a name.
     

CHILDBIRTH ALLOWANCE BY THE LOCAL AUTHORITY

  • Local governments pay childbirth allowances to newborns – either as one payment, or in several instalments. Usually, a prerequisite applies – at least one parent must have officially lived in the same municipality for at least 6 months to a year before the child is born.

    The allowance payment conditions and the allowance amount differ per municipalities. Contact your local municipality for further details.
     

NATIONAL CHILDBIRTH ALLOWANCE

CHILD ALLOWANCE

CHILD CARE ALLOWANCE

PARENTAL BENEFIT

ALLOWANCE FOR MULTIPLE BIRTH OF THREE OR MORE CHILDREN

ALLOWANCE FOR A FAMILY WITH MANY CHILDREN

SUPPLEMENTARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE MANDATORY FUNDED PENSION

 

 

IF YOU RAISE THE CHILD ALONE

SINGLE PARENT CHILD ALLOWANCE

MAINTANANCE ALLOWANCE

SURVIVOR'S PENSION

 

SITUATIONS AFFECTING FAMILY BENEFITS

Adoption

Guardianship allowance

Conscript’s child allowance 

International family

  • If you live in Estonia, but your family member lives or works in the European Economic Area or in the Swiss Confederation (EEA), European Union coordination rules apply for family benefits. Read more (in Estonian): www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/et/rahvusvaheline-pere.
 

DIFFERENT FAMILY SITUATIONS

Disabled child support / rehabilitation of a disabled child

  • If your child has been diagnosed with a disability, we shall pay a monthly social benefit to you. If your child does not cope as well as required for their age, you can apply for a social rehabilitation service for your child. Read more about diagnosing the disability (in Estonian) www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/et/puude-tuvastamine… and the social rehabilitation services for children ….
  • If your child has been diagnosed with a disability, you can use the child leave for parents of a disabled child, which is one workday per month. File an application for your employer to use this day. Read more …

Disabled parent

  • If you have been diagnosed with a disability and you raise the child alone, or if both you and your spouse have a disability and you raise children, you are entitled to the disabled parent’s allowance. Read more (in Estonian): www.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/et/puude-tuvastamine.

Child’s parents are separated

The blended family with children of several parents

 

 

ADDITIONAL DAYS OFF

Parents can use several additional vacation options:

PATERNAL LEAVE

CHILD LEAVE

CHILD LEAVE FOR PARENTS OF A DISABLED CHILD

COMPENSATION FOR BREASTFEEDING BREAKS

CARE LEAVE AND UNPAID CHILD LEAVE

  • Care leave is for nursing a child until the age of 12, or a disabled child until the age of 19, and for 14 continuous days. If the illness is caused by a malignant tumour and the child’s treatment starts at a hospital, the care leave is issued for up to 60 consecutive days.
    The Health Insurance Fund pays a care allowance for the care leave duration.
    Read on: https://www.haigekassa.ee/en/node/7/care-allowance
  • Mother or father raising a child under the age of 14, or a disabled child under the age of 18, can use up to 10 unpaid days of child leave per each year. Read more in the Employment Contracts Act.