If you have officially been declared an unlawfully repressed person, you have the following privileges:
- Possibility to retire earlier;
- More years of pensionable service;
- Pension supplement added to your pension.
Possibility to Retire Earlier
You can retire earlier by as many years as many full years you were unlawfully held in a custodial institution or in exile, but not more than five years before attaining the pensionable age.
- Example. The mother of Toomas was in forced exile during 25.03.1949–11.12.1958. Toomas was born 05.03.1956. Toomas can retire 2 years earlier because the interval between the birth of Toomas and the family’s release from exile is 2 years and 9 months, but only full years are taken into consideration.
If you participated in the clean-up of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station, you can retire five years before attaining the pensionable age.
More Years of Pensionable Service
The following periods shall be included among the years of pensionable service, multiplied by three:
- The period of the unlawful custody;
- Time in forced exile;
- The time following your release from custody, a custodial institution, or forced exile, until you were granted the permission to settle in Estonia;
- To the children born in forced exile or a custodial institution, the duration of their parent’s exile or time in the custodial institution until the family was granted permission and had an actual opportunity to return to Estonia.
Pension Supplement Added to Your Pension
You are entitled to the pension supplement if:
- You have been in a custodial institution or forced exile (including children born there), also, when you have been held as a prisoner of war, or in concentration camps or ghettos during the Second World War (you will receive a pension supplement of 20 per cent of the national pension rate);
- You are incapacitated for work as a result of a nuclear disaster, nuclear test, or an accident at a nuclear power station (you will receive a pension supplement of 10 per cent of the national pension rate).
If you participated in the clean-up of a nuclear disaster, nuclear test, or an accident at a nuclear power station, the causal relationship between the accident and the illness causing the loss of the working ability shall be determined by expert analysis conducted by the Estonian National Social Insurance Board.
head of the compensations department
Kati Kümnik organizes and directs the work of the compensation department: sets goals, gives instructions to officials, and performs and mediates tasks related to the organization of pensions. She also advises the Social Insurance Board on issues related to pensions and organizes the development of a pension system.