- Childbirth allowance
- Child allowance
- Child care allowance
- Parental Benefit
- Compensation for the parental benefit and maternity benefit gap
- Single parent child allowance
- Conscript’s child allowance
- Allowance for a family with many children
- Adoption allowance
- Guardianship allowance
Childbirth allowance is a one-time allowance paid to one parent when a child is born, in the amount of 320 euros per child. In the case of triplets, the allowance is 1,000 euros per child, totalling to 3,000 euros.
To receive the childbirth allowance, file an application before the child turns six months old.
In addition to the national childbirth allowance, also local governments pay childbirth allowances. Contact your local government for more details. The amount varies in different towns and rural municipalities.
Each family is entitled to the child allowance until the child turns 16. If the child is studying, the allowance is paid until the child turns 19. If the child becomes 19 during an academic year, we will pay the child allowance until the end of the academic year. Academic years begins on September 1st and ends on August 31st (senior high school year ends on June 30th).
If your child is studying in Estonia, you do not have to present any proof for studying. We continue the allowance payments according to data that the schools have entered to the database Eesti Hariduse Infosüsteem. If data about the child’s studying has not reached the system at the beginning of the academic year by the allowance payment date, we shall pay the child allowance at the first possibility after the information arrives.
Eesti Hariduse Infosüsteem database does not have data about children studying abroad. You must present proof about studying to us each year.
The amount of child allowances is calculated according to the number of children in the family receiving the allowance, not according to the children’s birth order.
The allowance amount is:
- 55 euros per month for the family’s first and second child;
- 100 euros per month for the family’s third and each following child.
Example. A family has three children: aged 4, 10, and 17 (studying in high school). The family is paid 55 euros for the family’s first and second child and 100 euros for the third child, totally to 210 euros. A new child is born into the family. Now, the family has four children and is paid 50 euros for the family’s 10- and 17-year-old child, and 100 euros for the 4-year and new-born child, totally to 310 euros.
NB! Regardless of the fact that the right for the child care allowance begins only after the parental benefit payments end, we recommend to apply for all allowances related to the childbirth (including the child care allowance) at once. This way, we can later automatically start with the child care allowance payments.
The child care allowance is paid to one parent. You are entitled to the child care allowance if you raise:
- Up to 3-year-olds – 38.36 euros per month for each up to 3-year-old child;
- In addition to the up to 3-year-old, also a child between 3 and 8 – 19.18 euros per month for each child aged 3 to 8;
- Altogether three or more children in the family who are paid the child allowance – 19.18 euros per month for each child aged between 3 and 8.
If the child turns 8 during the first grade, we shall pay the child care allowance until the end of the first grade (meaning August 31st). If the child turns 8 during the second grade or is not studying, we shall pay the child care allowance until the end of the child’s birthday month.
The child care allowance is not paid during the time when we pay you maternity benefit or adoption benefit for the same child.
During the time when you are paid the parental benefit, we do not pay the child care allowance for any child.
The parent on the parental leave is privileged to get the child care allowance.
The parental leave can be formulated at the employer. The parental leave is granted either to the mother or the father of the child until the child turns three.
The parental leave can also be given to some other person. In this case, that person is entitled to the child care allowance of 38.36 euros per child per month, but not more than 115.08 euros per month.
The state pays social tax for the person on parental leave, which means that the person has valid health insurance.
If the childbirth has been registered, you can apply for a parental benefit. Parental benefit aims to support the combining of working and family life and to guarantee your previous income, as income decreases due to raising children. In general, the mother is entitled to the benefit for the first 70 days. Later, parents can take turns to use their right for the benefit. The parent who is on the parental leave from their employer has the pre-emptive right to use the benefit.
In the case of multiple birth, the benefit is paid to one of the parents and parents cannot apply for a separate benefit for each child. The benefit amount does not depend on the number of children.
If you are already paid the parental benefit and the next child is born before the benefit payment term, you can choose for which child you wish to receive it. You are not paid two benefits simultaneously.
If the mother is on a maternity leave, we shall pay the parental benefit for 435 days starting from the day following the end of the maternity leave.
If the mother is not on a maternity leave, the parental benefit is paid starting from the childbirth until the child turns one and a half.
If you are entitled to a maternity leave but you have not taken it for some reason, we shall pay you parental benefit for the first 70 days in the extent of the minimum monthly salary (470 euros in 2017 and 500 euros in 2018).
The parental benefit amount is calculated based on your last year’s income for which your employer has paid social tax. Your last year’s income shall also include the incapacity for work benefit that the Health Insurance Fund paid if you were transferred to an easier job.
The yearly total income shall be divided by the number of months. To get the number of months, we shall discount the number of days you were on sick leave, care leave, maternity leave, or adoption leave, and divide the result by 30. If you were transferred to an easier job, then these days will not be subtracted.
If you did not have any instances of incapacity for work, your yearly total income shall be divided by 12 months.
- Example. You got an income on the last month of 2016 when the employer paid 4,625 euros of social tax for you. Income calculated based on this number is 14,015.15 euros. You did not have any instances of incapacity for work. The child was born 19.03.2017. For the parental benefit, we shall divide your yearly income of 14,015.15 euros by 12, and the result 1,167.93 euros is your monthly benefit amount.
If the average monthly income calculated based your total last year’s income was below the minimum salary rate, we will pay you the parental benefit equal to the minimum salary rate.
The minimum monthly salary rate was 470 euros in 2017, and is 500 euros in 2018.
The maximum parental benefit amount is three times the average Estonian salary from the last but one year. We shall pay this amount if your average monthly income is equal to or greater than this amount.
In 2017, the maximum parental benefit was 2,907.15 euros and in 2018, it will be 3,089.55 euros.
If you did not have any income last year, your benefit amount will be the valid parental benefit rate.
The parental benefit rate in 2018 is 470 euros.
If you worked last year in some European Economic Area country, or Switzerland, we shall consider the time spent working there as if you worked in Estonia, but we do not consider the income earned in another country. We calculate the parental benefit amount only based on income earned in Estonia, but with assumption as if you had received the same income during the months you worked abroad.
If you did not receive any income in Estonia during the last year, you will be paid the minimum parental benefit.
- Example 1. You have been working abroad for many years and your child is born in 2018. As you have not earned any income in Estonia, you will receive the minimum parental benefit, which is 470 euros per month in 2018.
- Example 2. You worked in Germany in 2017, from January until June 12th, and in Estonia from June 26th onwards. The child was born 16.08.2018. We shall calculate the parental benefit based on the income you earned in Estonia. Your Estonian employer paid social tax of 4,166.81 euros during 26.06–31.12.2017, which gives a calculated yearly income of 12,626.70 euros, and a monthly income of 1,052.22 euros.
During the past calendar year, you worked in some European Economic Area country, or Switzerland, but did not work in Estonia. During the current year, you started working in Estonia, resided on maternity leave, and will start to receive the parental benefit. As an exception, our calculations shall treat the income you earned in Estonia during the current year as if you had earned it abroad last year.
- Example. In 2017, you only worked in Finland. You started to work in Estonia on 01.02.2016 and resided on maternity leave on 05.05.2018. The child was born on 12.07.2018. The right for the parental benefit started on 22.09.2018. During 01.02.2018–04.05.2018, your average income in Estonia was 600 euros per month. As you did not have any income in Estonia during 2017, we shall treat the income you earned in Estonia during 2018 as if it were earned in 2017, during the period when you were working in Finland. You will get a parental benefit in the amount of 600 euros.
If the age difference between the two children is less than two and a half years and you did not earn any income during the past year, or if it was smaller than the income according to which the parental benefit was calculated for the previous child, the parental benefit for the new-born shall be calculated based on the received parental benefit.
If you earned income that exceeded the income that the previous calculations were based on, the new parental benefit shall be calculated based on the larger income.
- Example 1. The child was born 17.03.2014. Your income in 2013 was 14,178.79 euros, for 74 days you had the certificate of incapacity for work, which means the number of worked months was (365 – 74) : 30 = 9.7. The calculated parental benefit was 14,178.79 : 9.7 = 1,461.73 euros. Your next child was born 26.04.2016. You did not earn any income in 2015 and the age difference between your children is less than two and a half years. So, the parental benefit for the new child is calculated according to the income as the first parental income, which gives 1,461.73 euros.
- Example 2. The first child was born 29.11.2013. Parental benefit was calculated according to income earned in 2012 – 1,461.73 euros. In 2015, you earned an income of 17,227.27 euros and had the certificate of incapacity for work for 81 days. The next child was born 12.03.2016, meaning that the age difference of the children is less than two and a half years. The parental benefit amount is calculated based on the income of 2015 (17,227.27 euros), which gives the monthly benefit amount of 1,819.14 euros.
The compensation for the parental benefit and maternity benefit gap is paid to a mother:
- Whose children were born less than two years and six months apart, and;
- Who received maternity benefit from the Health Insurance Fund because a new child was born, and;
- Whose parental benefit has been calculated based on the income that was also the basis for calculating the parental benefit for the previous child.
The compensation for the parental benefit and maternity benefit gap is paid to you starting from the childbirth until the beginning of the parental benefit payments. This compensation is paid if the amount for one maternity benefit day is less than the amount for one parental benefit day.
When calculating the parental benefit and maternity benefit gap, we divide one month’s parental benefit by 30. From this amount, we subtract the maternity benefit amount paid for one day. The result is multiplied by the number of calendar days from the childbirth day until the maternity benefit payment end date.
- Example. You are on the parental leave with your first child when the new child is born. You use the maternity leave and receive the maternity benefit from the Health Insurance Fund – 14.33 euros per day for 140 days. As the age difference of your children is less than two and a half years, the parental benefit for the new child shall also be calculated based on the income that was also the basis for calculating the parental benefit for the previous child. The calculated parental benefit amount is 1,168.56 euros, or 38.95 euros per day. The interval between the child’s birthday and parental benefit payment is 91 days. The gap parental benefit and maternity benefit gap is calculated (38.95 – 14.33) x 91 = 2,240.42 euros. If you are still paid parental benefit for your first child, then we do not compensate the parental benefit and maternity benefit gap during such time.
The parental benefit and maternity benefit gap is paid out together with the first parental benefit amount.
You will be paid the single parent child allowance of 19.18 euros per month if:
- Your child’s birth certificate or the population register lacks data about the child’s father;
- Your child’s other parent has officially been declared a fugitive.
The single parent child allowance is paid starting from the birth, or the day when the parent was declared a fugitive.
The single parent child allowance payment is stopped in the following cases:
- Establishment or acceptance of paternal filiation;
- Stopping the search for the other parent, or appointing survivor’s benefit for the same parent;
- Appointment of the survivor’s pension in the case a parent, spouse, or stepparent dies.
If the survivor’s pension has been appointed for the child retrospectively, starting from the parent’s death, the single parent child allowance paid for the same period must be returned to us.
You are entitled to the conscript’s child allowance if you yourself, or the child’s other parent, is serving in the Estonian Defence Forces, or in alternative non-combatant service.
To receive the conscript’s child allowance, you must file an application and, if required, certificate issued by the Estonian Defence Forces proving the service, or by the Defence Resources Agency proving the alternative non-combatant service. The certificate must provide the term of service.
The allowance is 50 euros per month for each child, until the end of the parent’s service in the Defence Forces.
The allowance for a family with many children is paid if the family has at least three children who receive child allowance.
- A family with 3 to 6 children is paid 300 euros per month.
- A family with 7 or more children is paid 400 euros per month.
When you adopt a child, you are entitled to a one-time adoption allowance in the amount of 320 euros per each adopted child.
The allowance is paid to the adopter from whom the child does not descend, and who is not the spouse to the child’s other parent. The adoption allowance is not paid if the family has received the childbirth allowance for the same child.
To receive the childbirth allowance, file an application in six months starting from the adoption court ruling entry into force.
You are entitled to the guardianship allowance if:
- You raise a child whose parents do not fulfil their obligation to raise a child and whom the court has appointed under your guardianship;
The allowance is paid until the child turns 18. If the child is still studying at the age of 18, we shall continue with the allowance payments until the end of the academic year during which the child turns 19.
The right for the allowance starts on the day when the guardianship court order comes into force.
When applied for later, the allowance is paid out retrospectively, but, at the maximum, for six months preceding the application filing month.
- Example. The guardianship court order took effect 01.02.2018 and you file the guardianship allowance application on 04.10.2018. We will pay the allowance retrospectively for 6 preceding calendar months, starting from 01.04.2018.
The allowance of 240 euros is paid monthly for each child under guardianship.
head of the compensations department
Kati Kümnik organizes and directs the work of the compensation department: sets goals, gives instructions to officials, and performs and mediates tasks related to the organization of pensions and family allowances. She also advises the Social Insurance Board on issues related to family allowances and organizes the development of the allowances system.