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Adoption is a legal procedure in which the legal obligations and rights of a child are created between the adoptive parent and thechild similarly to those between a biological parent and a child. The objective of adoption is to find a proper and loving family for children deprived of parental care. Only minors whose parent(s) has/have consented to adoption, is/are deceased or have been deprived of custody may be adopted. Adoption must always serve the best interest of the child.

Lapsendamine on juriidiline toiming, mille tagajärjel tekivad lapsendaja ja lapsendatu vahel vanema ja lapse vahelised õigused ja kohustused. Lapsendamise eesmärk on leida vanemliku hooleta jäänud lapsele sobiv ja armastav pere. Lapsendada saab ainult alaealist last, kelle vanem(ad) on andnud lapsendamiseks nõusoleku, kelle vanem(ad) on surnud või kellelt on ära võetud hooldusõigus ning üksnes lapse huvides. 


Siseriiklik lapsendamine


Alates 1. jaanuarist 2017 tegelevad siseriikliku lapsendamise korraldamisega sotsiaalkindlustusameti lastekaitse osakonna spetsialistid.

Meie lapsendamisega tegelevad spetsialistid paiknevad neljas piirkonnas:

Põhja piirkond (Endla 8, Tallinn)

Harju, Rapla ja Järva maakond

Olga Vassina                     620 8364; 5349 5424      

Eve Mänd                          640 8154; 5911 2128      


Ida piirkond (Keskväljak 1, Jõhvi)    

Ida-Viru ja Lääne-Viru maakond

Andres Julle                      337 9717; 5197 5360      

Lõuna piirkond (Tähe 106, Tartu)

Jõgeva, Tartu, Võru, Põlva, Valga ja Viljandi maakond

Anu Järvepera                    5309 8883                 

Lääne piirkond (Õhtu põik 5, Pärnu)

Saare, Hiiu, Lääne, Pärnu maakond

Marko Truu                       442 0817, 5307 3192     


Üldistes küsimustes koordineerib lapsendamise korraldamisega seonduvat sotsiaalkindlustusameti lastekaitse osakonna nõunik Nadežda Leosk, 620 8381,



International adoption

International adoption is governed by the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption. The principles of the Convention are reflected in the Estonian Family Law Act.
In the case of adoption, the child’s interests take priority over the interests of the person seeking to adopt the child.

According to the Family Law Act, children may be adopted from Estonia to a foreign country only as an exception - when it is not possible to care for the child to the necessary extent in Estonia.
Children have been adopted from Estonia to foreign countries since the 1990s.  In the past, the main destination countries for international adoption from Estonia have been the USA, Finland and Sweden. Cooperation agreements with the USA and Finland ended in 2013 and 2016, respectively.

Over the years, the number of adopted children has dropped worldwide, incl. in Estonia. Ten to fifteen years ago, nearly 20 children were annually adopted to foreign countries whereas over the last four years 5-6 children have found their homes abroad each year.
Currently, Estonia has a cooperation agreement with the Kingdom of Sweden.

International adoption and the work of the International Adoption Committee are coordinated by the Social Indurance Board. If the residence of the adoptive parent or adoptive child is outside Estonia, the court may decide on adoption to a foreign country only on the consent of the International Adoption Committee.

For further information, please contact Ly Rüüs, Adviser of the Child Protection Department,